The Buxa National Park is a national park located in the West Bengal State of India, in the Buxa hills. Located inside the national park is the 759 sq2 km Buxa Tiger Reserve. Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR) lies in the Alipurduar sub-division of the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal.
More than 300 species of trees, 250 species of shrubs, 400 species of herbs, 9 species of cane, 10 species of bamboo, 150 species of orchids, 100 species of grass, and 130 species of aquatic flora including more than 70 sedges (Cyperaceae) have been identified so far. There are more than 160 species of other monocotyledons and ferns.
The main species constitutes trees like Sal, Champ, Gamar, Simul, Chikrasi.
In the Reserve, 390 species of birds, 73 species of mammals, 76 species of snakes, 5 species of amphibians have been identified so far.
In a recent survey, it has been found that Buxa Tiger Reserve has the highest number of fish species in the North Bengal region. Apart from tigers animals like elephants, bears, civets, giant squirrel, Gaur, Chital, wild Buffaloes, antelope, and snakes including the regal Python are found here.
About 230 species of birds and innumerable butterflies add color to the forest. The rivers of Raidak and Jayanti which flow through the forest and the Narathali lake are home to migratory birds as well as endemic ones that abound the place. The Hornbills including greater Pied Hornbill, Ibis Bill, Trans Himalayan Migratory Goosanders, Red-stars, Wag-tails, the rare black-necked crane, migratory common teal, black stork, Large Whistling Teal, Minivets, White-Eyed Poachared are some of the bird species sighted here. Two new species of frog have been discovered in the park in the year 2006.
Some of the endangered species found in BTR is Indian Tiger, Asian Elephant, Leopard cat, Bengal florican, Regal python, Chinese Pangolin, Hispid hare, Hog deer, etc.
Tourists can enjoy a park safari by car or jeep by taking permission from the Forest Office at Rajabhatkhawa or at Jayanti. Tourists can visit “Pukri Mai”, a small sacred pond situated inside the park where fishes like Magur and Singiand Turtles are kept.
Festivals are held at certain times of the year by both Buddhist and Hindus and local tribals.
There are forest rest houses of West Bengal Forest Development Corporation at Rajabhatkhawa, Nimati, Barobisha, Raidak, Raimatang, Bhutanghat, Buxaduar, and Jayanti at the banks of the river Jayanthi nestled between mountains and thick forests
The nearest Airport is Bagdogra-195 km away.
The nearest Rail Station is Alipurduar Junction/New Alipurduar, 17 km away.
The nearest Town/City is Alipurduar, 17 km away. By Road, you can reach via NH 31. Tourists can also hire a car from Alipurduar.