Gorumara National Park is situated in the northern West Bengal state of India.
Located in the Terai region of the Himalayan foothills, it is a medium-sized park with grasslands and forests. It is primarily known for its population of Indian Rhinoceros.
Typical flora includes Sal forests with Common Teak, Rain Tree (Shirish or Albizia lebbeck), and Silk Cotton (Shimul or Bombax malabaricum) trees, Bamboo groves, Terai grassland vegetation, and tropical riverine reeds. Gorumara is home to numerous tropical orchids.
The park has recorded fifty species of mammals, 193 species of birds, 22 species of reptiles, 7 species of turtles, 27 species of fishes.
Visitors can see Indian Rhinoceros, Gaur, Asian Elephant, Sloth bear, Chital, and Sambar Deer. Smaller animals seen are Barking deer, Hog deer, Wild boar, and Leopard. The park has a large population of Wild boar and endangered Pygmy Hog. It also has numerous rodents, including Giant Squirrels. The rare Hispid Hare has also been reported from the park.
Gorumara National Park is famous for its bird population which includes Scarlet Minivet, Sunbird, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Spangled Drongo, Great Indian Hornbill, woodpeckers, pheasants, Peafowls and Brahminy Duck.
The park is home to a large number of snakes including the Indian Python, one of the largest snakes in the world, and the King Cobra, the world’s largest venomous snake.
The best way to watch wildlife at the park is to use powerful binoculars, with night vision facilities at night, from the numerous well-located watchtowers viz. Jatraprasad Watch Tower, Rhino Observation Point, Chandrachur Watch Tower, Chukchuki Bird-watching Point.
The park is closed in the Monsoon season from 16th June to 15th September. The best time to visit Gorumara is from November to March.
Tourists can also visit the adjoining forest villages to get acquainted with the lifestyle and culture of the villagers. A live show of the ethnic tribal dance can be seen every evening in Budhuram Forest Village. You can visit the Lataguri Nature Interpretation Centre for an interpretive exhibit of the local natural history.
Accommodations are available in West Bengal Forest Development Corporation resorts in Murti by the side of the Murti river and at Gorumara Elephant Camp at Dhupjhora. One can stay in cottages in the Kalipur village at the fringe of Gorumara. Accommodation is also available in the nearby town of Lataguri provided by private hotels.
The nearest airport is Bagdogra, Jalpaiguri district, about 80 km away.
The nearest railhead is Chalsa, Jalpaiguri district, which is 18 km. from the park. Important rail stations are New Jalpaiguri and New Alipurduar.
The nearest highway is NH 31, between Siliguri and Guwahati which passes over Lataguri, the entrance to the park.
The nearest town is Lataguri which is 8 km from the park’s entrance.
The nearest city is Jalpaiguri which is 52 km to the South of the park.