Namdapha National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Changlang district of the state of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Namdapha National Park is the third-largest national park in India in terms of area. It is located in the eastern Himalayan sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas of biodiversity in India. The national park is situated between the Patkai Range and the Dafa Bomb Range of the Mishmi Hills.
Namdapha is situated on the banks of the turbulent Noa-Dihing River on the international border between India and Myanmar. Namdapha was established in 1972 as a wildlife sanctuary. It was declared a tiger reserve and national park in 1983. The total area of the park is about 1807.82 Km2.
Namdapha National Park
Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in the eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot. Recognized as one of the wealthiest regions of biodiversity in India, the park has the largest evergreen rainforest in the world at latitude 27 ° N. The region is also known for its wide dipterocarp forest.
Namdapa and its surrounding region are surrounded from the south and southeast by the Patkai hills and to the north by the Himalayas and are close to the Indo-Myanmar-China Tri-Junction.
The region falls under both Palearctic and Indo-Malayan biogeographical regions, resulting in the development of diverse species. The park has extensive bamboo forests that complement secondary forests.
Namdapha National Park is famous for being the only park in India that has four big cat species, such as leopard, tiger, cloud leopard, and snow leopard. Approximately 96 mammal species are found here, of which 29 species are Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Perhaps no other national park in the world has a height wider than Namdapha National Park, which ranges from 200 m to 4,500 m and grows in a snow-capped mountain. This variation has led to the development of diverse habitats of flora and fauna.
Dupi Bomb, a ridge on the Mishmi hills, is the highest point of the park (4571 m). In addition to the primary forests in the park, there are extensive secondary forests.
Major Vegetation: Many flowering species are found in the park. Many plants found in Namdapa are rare, endangered, or endemic species. Species of Amentotaxus, Cephalotaxus, and Larix are endemic to the region. Some species, such as Pinus mercusi (Sumatran pine) and Abis delvai (Delway’s fur) are not found elsewhere in India. One of the rarest and endangered orchids, Blue Wanda was found here.
The most famous local medicinal plant is Mishimi tita (Copti tita), which is used by local tribals for all types of diseases, but its exports are banned here. Seventy-three species of lichen, 59 species of bryophytes, 112 species of heredophytes, 5 species of gymnosperms, and about 801 species of angiosperms.
Birds At Namdapha National Park
Miao Museum: There are a large number of bird skins, mammal pellets, and skulls, along with many snake and frog specimens in this museum. The museum is open on all working days.
Miao Mini Zoo (Miao): The Miao Zoo is located in front of the museum near the area director’s office. Many primates found in Namdapha are housed in the zoo, including Hoolock gibbons, pig-tailed macaques, Assamese macaques, stump-tailed macaques, and sloe loris. Small carnivores will include Himalayan palm civet and other small mammals such as porcupines and leopard cats.
Other attractions include an enclosure with a black bear and crocodile. Outside the zoo, there is a large enclosure with sambhar and barking deer.
Moti Lake: It is a small natural pool situated atop a plateau called the land of Gibbon. The path to Moti Lake is very difficult, but runs through beautiful deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, with mossy branches and trees covered with sub-trees.
Raja Lake: Raja Lake can be accessed from the main route between Hornbill and Firmbase by a bifurcated route just before Rani Lake. It is an hour’s walk from Lake. The path to Raja Lake continues beyond the marshes to the mountains, and the road ahead can be a difficult and difficult path.
The nearest airport is Mohanbadi Airport in Dibrugarh, Assam, about 160 km from Namdapha National Park. Mohanbadi Airport is well-connected by road to Namdapha National Park. The Guwahati Airport is further connected to Dibrugarh at a distance of 600 km.
The nearest railway station is Tinsukia railway station in Assam, about 140 km from the Park. Tinsukia railway station is well-connected by road to the Park.
Namdapha National Park is well-connected to major cities and places by road network. There are several government and privately operated vehicles that visit Namdapha National Park at frequent intervals.
The route from Dibrugarh to Miao goes through Tinsukia, Digboi, Margherita, Ledo, Jagun, Namchik, and Kharsang. The drive takes about six hours to reach this place.